Caitlin Grady

Assistant Professor
[email protected]


Professor Caitlin Grady studies the form and functions of interconnected infrastructure across water, food, and energy systems. Her research seeks to combine network models, socio-technical data, and ethical-epistemic analyses to create a more sustainable and secure environment. Current projects include modeling embedded nitrogen trade and it's influence on water quality, climate change impacts on hydropower and the U.S. electricity grid, ethical implications of research choice in spatial science, and managing critical infrastructure under uncertainty. Her work is currently supported by the National Science Foundation and the U.S. Department of Agriculture


PhD, Civil and Environmental Engineering - Purdue University
MS, Agricultural and Biological Engineering - Purdue University
B.A., Humanities, Science & the Environment - Virginia Tech

  • Water, food, and energy management
  • Coupled socio-technical systems
  • Systems engineering
  • Adaptation to Climate Change
  • Critical infrastructure 
  • Applied ethics 


Deitrick, A.R., Torhan, S.A. and C. Grady. (2021). Investigating the Influence of Ethical and Epistemic Values on Decisions in the Watershed Modeling Process. Water Resources Research. 57, no. 12. 

Calder, R. S., Grady, C., Jeuland, M., Kirchhoff, C. J., Hale, R. L., & Muenich, R. L. (2021). COVID-19 Reveals Vulnerabilities of the Food–Energy–Water Nexus to Viral Pandemics. Environmental Science & Technology Letters 8(8), 606-615.

Torhan, S., C. A. Grady, I. Ajibade, E. K. Galappaththi, R. R. Hernandez, J. I. Musah‐Surugu, A. M. Nunbogu, et al. Tradeoffs and Synergies Across Global Climate Change Adaptations in the Food‐Energy‐Water Nexus. Earth’s Future 10, no. 4 (April 2022).

Dennis, Lauren E., and Caitlin A. Grady. “Watery Research Boundaries: A Bibliometric and Network Science Approach to Explore Gaps and Overlaps in Water Research.” Water Security 16 (August 2022): 100117.

Grady, C., Rajtmajer, S., L. Dennis. (2021). When smart systems fail: the ethics of cyber-physical critical infrastructure risk. IEEE Transactions on Technology and Society.

Gomez, M., Garcia, S., Rajtmajer, S. M., Grady, C., & Mejia, A. (2020). Fragility of the multilayer network of supply chains in the United States. Applied Network Science. 5:71.

Mahjabin, T., Mejia, A., Blumsack, S. A., & Grady, C. (2020). Integrating embedded resources and network analysis to understand food-energy-water nexus in the US. Science of The Total Environment.

Mohammadpour, P., Mahjabin, T., Fernandez, J., & Grady, C. (2019). From national indices to regional action—An analysis of food, energy, water security in Ecuador, Bolivia, and Peru. Environmental Science & Policy, 101, 291-301.

Lawrence J. Perez Memorial Student Advocate Award, Penn State (2021)
National Science Foundation CAREER Award (2020)
Center for Security Research and Education Faculty Fellowship, Penn State (2019)
Faculty Appreciation Award, Penn State School of International Affairs. (April 2018)
Women’s Congressional Policy Institute Legislative Fellowship (2015)
Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) Fellowship (2015)
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship (2011)