Peter Bock

Professor Emeritus of Engineering

Department of Computer Science
The George Washington University
Founding Member of The ALISA Community


2033 K Street NW
Suite 340C
Washington DC 20006
202-296-9659 (voice, message, fax)

Send an email to Professor Bock

"The whole is exactly equal to the sum of its parts; if it appears otherwise, you have overlooked one of the parts."


Quick Links
Areas of Expertise  (see Published Books and Selected Publications below)
Past and Current Graduate Research Students
Published Books

Getting it Right: R&D Methods for Science and Engineering, Academic Press (Elsevier), 2001.

The Emergence of Artificial Cognition: An Introduction to Collective Learning, World Scientific Publishing Company, River Edge NJ, 1993.

"The Emergence of Artificial Cognition", Chapter in Parallel Problem Solving from Nature, (H.P. Schwefel, ed.), Springer-Verlag, 1991.

"A Performance Evaluation of ALISA for the Detection of Geometric Anomalies on Fractal Images", Chapter in Advanced Neural Computers, Elsevier, 1990.


Selected Publications

"Recognition of Emotions from Human Speech", with E. Guven, Proceedings of the 2010 Conference on Artificial Neural Networks in Engineering ANNIE 10, St. Louis, MO, November 2010.

"The Emergence of Personal Artificial Cognition: Methods and Consequences,"Proceedings of the 39th Applied Imagery Recognition Workshop (AIPR), Washington DC, October 2010.

"Speech Emotion Recognition," with E. Guven, Proceedings of the 39th Applied Imagery Recognition Workshop (AIPR), Washington DC, October 2010.

"Project ALISA (Adaptive Learning Image and Signal Analysis)": a complete presentation of the functionality of ALISA and representative results of its application in a variety of industrial and professional domains, EXPO21XX.com , a perpetual online exhibition for Universities, Robotics, and Industry Research, July 2009.

"Using Tactics-Based Learning (formerly Mentoring) to Accelerate Recovery of an Adaptive Learning System in a Changing Environment" with Alice Armstrong, Proceedings of the 36th Applied Imagery Recognition Workshop, Washington DC, October 2007.

"General shape generation by contouring fractals and applying linear boundary regression" with Carsten Oertel, Proceedings of the 36th Applied Imagery Recognition Workshop, Washington D.C., October 2007.

"Automatic Extraction of the Multiple Semantic and Syntactic Categories of Words," with David Portnoy Proceedings of IASTED International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Applications (AIA 2007), Innsbruck, Austria, February 2007.

"Identification of Objects of Interest in X-Ray Images with the ALISA Component Module," with Carsten Oertel, Proceedings of the 35th Applied Imagery Recognition Workshop, Washington DC, October 2006.

"Viewpoint-Invariant and Illumination-Invariant Classification of Natural Surfaces Using General-Purpose Color and Texture Features with the ALISA Delta-CRC Classifier," with Teddy Ko, Proceedings of the 35th Applied Imagery Recognition Workshop, Washington DC, October 2006.

"Mentoring: An Intelligently Biased Selection Policy for Collective Learning Automata," with A. Armstrong, Proceedings of the 2005 Conference on Artificial Neural Networks in Engineering ANNIE 05, St. Louis, MO, November 2005.

"A CLS Hierarchy for the Classification of Images," in Advances in Artificial Intelligence, Alexander Gelbukh, Álvaro Albornoz, Hugo Terashima-Marín (Eds), with Antonio Sanchez and Raul Diaz, Springer-Verlag Volume 3789, 2005.

"A Hierarchical Approach to Collective Learning Systems for Classification and Segmentation of Images," with Antonio Sanchez and Raul Diaz, Proceedings of the Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence MICAI 2005, Monterrey, Mexico, November 2005.

"Unsupervised Discovery of Homograph Senses Using Lexical Context Deconvolution," with D. Portnoy, Proceedings of the the 9th World Multi-Conference on Systems, Cybernetics, and Informatics, Orlando, FL, Jul 2005.

"Unsupervised Fuzzy Membership Estimation of Terms in Semantic and Syntactic Lexical Classes," with D. Portnoy, Proceedings of AIPR 2004: Emerging Technologies and Applications for Imagery Pattern Recognition, Washington DC, October 2004.

"An Augmented Semantic Network For Topic Categorization,"  with Auapong Yaichareon, Proceedings of International Symposium on Communications and Information Technologies (ISCIT), Hat-Yai, Songkla, Thailand, September 2004.

"Using ALISA for High-Speed Classification of the Components and their Concentrations in Mixtures of Radioisotopes," with D. Portnoy, P. Heimberg, and E. Moore, Proceedings of the SPIE, Vol. 5541, Aug 2004.

"Image-Content and Texture Classification Using a Dynamically Allocated ALISA Texture Module," with T. Ko, Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer, Communication and Control Technologies (CCCT '03) and the 9th International Conference on Information Systems Analysis and Synthesis (ISAS '03), Orlando, August, 2003.

"An Assessment of Personality in a Collective Learning System with the Five-Factor Model of Personality," with K. Heckman, Proceedings of the 6th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics, and Informatics (SCI2002), Orlando, July 2002.

"Face Detection and Eye Location Using a Modified ALISA Texture Module," with T. Ko, Proceedings of 30th Applied Imagery Pattern Recognition Workshop, Washington DC, October 2001.

"Shape Extraction from Digital Document Images," with G.Becker, Proceedings of the Symposium on Document Image Understanding Technology, Washington DC, April 2001

"Overriding the Experts: A Fusion Method for Combining Marginal Classifiers," with Mark D. Happel, International Journal on Artificial Intelligence Tools, 10(1-2), 2001, pp. 157-179. [Download this paper]

"Analysis of a Fusion Method for Combining Marginal Classifiers," with Mark D. Happel, in Josef Kittler and Fabio Roli (Eds.), Multiple Classifier Systems, Springer, 2000, pp. 137-146. [Download this paper]

"ALISA: Adaptive Learning Image and Signal Analysis", Proceedings of the SPIE Applied Imagery Pattern Recognition Conference, Washington DC, October 1998. [Download this paper]

"Detecting Motion in Single Images Using ALISA, with Taras P. Riopka, 11th International FLAIRS Conference, Sanibel Island FL, May 1998. [Download this paper]

"Detection of Targets in Terrain Images with ALISA, with J. Hubshman and M. Achikian, Proceedings of the Twenty-Third Annual Pittsburgh Conference on Modeling and Simulation, pps 927-942, April 1992. [Download this paper]

"The ALISA Shape Module," with G. Becker, Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Cognitive and Neural Systems (BU/DARPA/ONR), Boston, May 1998.

"Intelligent Recombination Using Individual Learning in a Collective Learning Genetic Algorithm," with T. P. Riopka, Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO-2000), Las Vegas, July 2000.

"Overriding the Experts: A Stacking Method for Combining Marginal Classifiers," with M. D. Happel, Proceedings of the FLAIRS-2000, Orlando FL, May 2000.

"The Impact of the Y2K Bug: Perception and Reality", Proceedings of the Fifteenth European Meeting on Cybernetics and Systems Research (EMCSR 2000), Vienna, Austria, April 2000. [Summary of Results]

"Speaker-Independent Connected-Speech Frame Classification Using ALISA," with S. Osella, Twelfth International Conference on Machine Learning, Tahoe City, July 1995.

"The Use of ALISA in Medical Imaging in Medicine (El uso de ALISA en la investigacion de imagenes en medicina), with Antonio Sanchez Aguilar, Proceedings of INFOMEDICA 95, Guadalajara, Mexico, January 1995.

"An Application of ALISA to Phoneme Classification of Speaker-Independent Connected-Speech Frames, with S. A. Osella, International Journal of Applied Software Technology (IJAST)

"Using a Genetic Algorithm to Search for the Representational Bias of a Collective Reinforcement Learner, with H. G. Cobb, Proceedings of The Third Conference on Parallel Problem Solving from Nature, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, October, 1994.

"Using Hierarchical Image Processing with ALISA to Avoid Overfitting in Early Vision, with C.G. Howard, Proceedings of the International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Jerusalem, Isreal, October, 1994.

"An Introduction to Collective Learning Systems I, II, and III, with Glenn Becker, PCAI magazine, July 1992, January 1993, January 1994.

"Multi-Class Classification and Symbolic Cognitive Processing with ALISA, with C. Howard, Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns (CAIPO93), Budapest, Hungary, September 1993.

"NABWorld III: A Genetic-Algorithm-Based Collective Learning System, with G. Bailey, R. Demeo, and J. Revell, Proceedings of the International Conference on Artifical Neural networks in Engineering (ANNIE), St. Louis, November 1993.

"Handwritten Word Recognition Using a Collective Learning Automaton, with G. Houle, C. Radelat, and S. Resnick, Proc. of the Third International Workshop on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition, Buffalo, May 1993.

"A Parallel Approach to Signal Analysis, with R. Kober, C. Howard, R. Klinnert, H. Schmidt, Neural Network World, vol. 2, no. 6, pps 667-684, December 1992.

"Anomaly Detection in Video Images, with C. G. Howard and R. Kober, Proceedings of the Fifth Neuro-Nimes Conference: Neural Networks and their Applications, Nimes, France, November 1992.

"Gray-Scale ALIAS, with R. Klinnert, R. Kober, R. Rovner, and H. Schmidt, Special Issue of the IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 4, no. 2, April 1992.

"Detection of Targets in Terrain Images with ALIAS, with J. Hubshman and M. Achikian, Proceedings of the Twenty-Third Annual Pittsburgh Conference on Modeling and Simulation, pps 927-942, April 1992.

"Sensitivity of ALIAS to Small Variations in the Dimension of Fractal Images, with C.J. Kocinski and H. Schmidt, Proceedings of the 1992 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, Baltimore, June 1992.

The Emergence of Artificial Cognition, chapter in Parallel Problem Solving from Nature (H.P. Schwefel, ed.), Springer-Verlag, 1991.

"An Initial Performance Evaluation of Unsupervised Learning with ALIAS, with H. Holz, R. Rovner, C.J. Kocinski, Proc. of the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, San Diego, June 1990.

"A Perspective on Artificial Intelligence: Learning to Learn, Annals of Operations Research, vol. 16, April 1988.

"A Massively Parallel Architecture for Collective Learning Systems," Journal of the Latin American Society on Artificial Intelligence, March 1988.

"The Emergence of Artificial Intelligence: Learning to Learn, The AI Magazine (AAAI), vol. 6, no. 3, pps 180-190, Fall 1985.

"A Universal Model for the Structure and Function of Collective Learning Systems," with F. Weingard and J. White, Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on New Directions in Computing, Trondheim, Norway, August 1985.

"Using English as a High-Level Robot Command Language," IEEE Trans on Industrial Electronics, May 1983.

"A Real-time Automatic Ranging Algorithm for Vision Systems," with A. Basci, Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics and Signal Processing, Paris, May 1982.

"Observation of the Properties of a Collective Stochastic Learning Automaton," Proceedings of the International Information Systems Symposium, Patras, Greece, August 1976.

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