Azim Eskandarian

Azim Eskandarian

Address: Science & Engineering Hall
800 22nd St, NW
Phone: 202-994-0532


D.Sc., Mechanical Engineering, The George Washington University, 1991
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1983
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, (with honors), The George Washington University, 1982

Office Hours

Tuesday: 2:00pm–3:00pm, Thursday: 11:00am-12:00pm & 2:00pm–4:00pm, other times by appointment

Current Research

Professor Azim Eskandarian has three decades of R&D and engineering design experience in dynamic systems, controls, intelligent systems, and applied and computational mechanics, with applications in automotive engineering, transportation safety, intelligent vehicles, and robotics. As director of the Center for Intelligent Systems Research, he has been conducting leading research in intelligent vehicle systems for future automotive and transportation safety and efficiency, including active safety, driver assistance, collision avoidance, autonomous vehicle controls, and vehicle dynamics and control. His research labs include a car and a truck driving simulator and a new mobile robotics lab. His work also includes neuro-dynamics and cybernetics concerning human/driver tasks. As director of the National Crash Analysis Center, he has conducted and led pioneering research in impact dynamics, non-linear finite elements, and meshless methods for applications in crashworthiness, computer simulation and modeling of vehicle crashes, and design optimization of structures under impact loads.


Chen, Y., Lee, J., and Eskandarian, A., Meshless Methods in Solid Mechanics, Springer Verlag, May 2006.

Edited Volumes and Journals
Eskandarian, A., Sayed, R., and Blum, J. (Editors) Intelligent Transportation Systems Safety and Security, Conference Proceedings, Miami, FL, USA, March 24-25, 2004, CD-ROM.

Eskandarian. A. (Guest Editor), Adeli, H. (Editor-in-Chief), Special issue of Journal of Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering in Neural Networks in Highway and Vehicle Applications, 1998.

Oskard, M., Eskandarian, A., and Shapiro, F., (Editors), Neural Networks Application in Highway and Vehicle Engineering, Conference proceedings, FHWA Publication, No. RD96154, April 1996.

Refereed Journal Publications (Intelligent Systems, Dynamics and Controls (Intelligent Vehicles, Collision Avoidance)
Driver Assistance & Collision Avoidance Mortazavi, A., Eskandarian, A., and Sayed, R.A., "Effect of Drowsiness on Driving Performance Variables of Commercial Vehicle Drivers", International Journal of Automotive Technology, Vol. 10, Number 3, June 2009, pp. 391-404.

Arhin, S., Eskandarian, A., Blum, J., and Delaigue, P., "Development and Evaluation of an Advanced Intelligent Speed Adaptation (ISA) System", Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D, Journal of Automobile Engineering. Vol. 222No. D9, PP1603-1614 Sep. 2008.

Vahidi, A., and Eskandarian, A., "Research Advances in Intelligent Collision Avoidance and Adaptive Cruise Control", IEEE Transactions on ITS, Vol. 4, Issue 3, 2003, pp. 143-153.

Sayed, R., and Eskandarian, A., "Unobtrusive Drowsiness Detection by Neural Network Learning of Driver Steering", Journal of Automotive Engineering, Proc. of Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Vol. 215, Part D, 2001, PP. 969-975.

Eskandarian, A., and Thiriez, S., "Collision Avoidance Using Cerebral Model Arithmetic Computer Neural Network", Journal of Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering (Previously, Microcomputers in Civil Engineering), Vol. 13, 1998, pp. 303-314.

Vehicle Dynamics and Controls Malcher, D., Eskandarian, A. and Delaigue, P., "Dynamic Models for Vehicle Roll Motion in Pre-Rollover Maneuvers", Journal of Multibody Dynamics, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part K, Volume 221, No. K2, 2007, pp. 291-301.

Vahidi, A., and Eskandarian, A., "The Influence of Preview Uncertainties in Preview Control of Vehicle Suspensions", Journal of Multibody Dynamics, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part K, Vol. 216, Number 4, 2002, pp. 295-301.

Vahidi, A. and Eskandarian, A., "Predictive Time-Delay Control of Vehicle Suspensions", J. of Vibration and Control, 7, 2001, pp. 1195-1211.

Refereed Journal Publications (Vehicular Communication/Applied Mechanics/Impact Dynamics)
Blum, J., and Eskandarian, A., "Cross-Layer Coordination for Safety Applications Enabled by Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments", International Journal of Intelligent Transportation Research, Vol. 7, No. 1, June 2009, pp. 27-37.

Blum, J. and Eskandarian A., "A Reliable Link Layer Protocol for Robust and Scalable Inter-Vehicle Communications", IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 8(1), 2007, pp. 4-13.

Lee, J. D., Chen, Y., Zeng, X. , Eskandarian, A., and M. Oskard, "Modeling And Simulation Of Osteoporosis and Fracture of Trabecular Bone by Meshless Method", International journal of Engineering Science, Vol 45, Issues 2-8, 2007, pp. 329-338.

Chen Y., Lee J. D., Eskandarian A and M. S. Oskard, "Meshless Analysis of Multiphase Materials", Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics, 2006, 45, pp. 13-17.

Chen Y., Eskandarian A, Oskard, M. S., and J. D. Lee, "Meshless Simulation of Crack Propagation In Multiphase Materials", Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics, Volume 45, Issue 1, February 2006, pp. 13-17.

Chen Y., Eskandarian A, Lee J. D. and M. S. Oskard, "Meshless Analysis of High-Speed Impact", Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics, Volume 44, Issue 3, December 2005, pp. 201-207.

Chen Y., Lee J. D. and Eskandarian A., "Micropolar Theory and its Applications to Mesoscopic and Microscopic Problems", Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 2004, 5, pp. 35-44.

Chen Y., Lee J. D. and Eskandarian A., "Atomistic Viewpoint of the Applicability of Microcontinuum Theories", International Journal of Solids and Structures, 2004, 41, pp. 2085-2097.

Chen, Y., Lee, J.D., and Eskandarian, A., "Atomistic Counterpart of Micromorphic Theory," Acta, Mechanica, 2003, 161, pp. 81-102.

Kurtaran H., Buyuk M., Eskandarian A., "Design Automation of a Laminated Armor for Best Impact Performance Using Approximate Optimization Method", Int. Journal of Impact Engineering special issue, Vol. 29, Issues 1-10, Dec. 2003, pp. 397-406.

Chen, Y., Eskandarian, A., Kan, C.D., and Lee, J.D., "Thermo-plastic Effects on Structural Behavior During Crush and Impact", International Journal of Vehicle Design, Vol. 30, Nos. 1/2, 2002, pp. 22-32.

Kurtran, H., and Eskandarian, A., "Design Optimization of Multi-body Systems under Impact Loading by Response Surface Methodology," Journal of Multibody Dynamics, Proceedings of Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Vol. 215, Part K, 2001, PP. 173-185.

Refereed Conference Proceedings
Arhin, S. A. and Eskandarian, A., "Driver Behavior Models for a Driving Simulator-Based Intelligent Speed Adaptation System", Urban Transport 2009 Conference, Bologna, Italy, June 22-24, 2009.

Laoufi, M. and Eskandarian, A., "Fuzzy Logic Control for Active Suspension of a Non- Linear Full-Vehicle Model", IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium ˜09 in Xian, China, June 3-5, 2009.

Blum, J., and Eskandarian, A., "Avoiding Timeslot Boundary Synchronization for Multihop Message Broadcast in Vehicular Networks", IEEE 69th Vehicular Technology Conference: VTC2009-Spring, Barcelona, Spain, 26 - 29 April 2009.

Eskandarian, A., Soudbakhsh, D., Moreau, J., and Karcher, J., "Development of an Active Steering Control System in a Car Driving Simulator ", SAE World Congress 2009, Paper 2009-01-1290, Intelligent Vehicles Initiative sessions, Detroit, MI, April 20-23, 2009.

Eskandarian, A., and Soudbakhsh, D., "Enhanced Active Steering System for Collision Avoidance Maneuvers", The 11th International IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Beijing, China, October 12-15, 2008.


  • Member of ASME (DSC, ATS, and Mechatronics), IEEE (ITS, CSS, and RAS) and SAE; Active in Automotive and Transportation Systems Technical Committee of ASME Dynamic Systems & Controls division, IEEE Intelligent Transportation Society, and SAE Intelligent Vehicles.
  • Chair, Co-chair, and organizer of over 30 technical sessions, including General Chair and Co-chair of three international conferences.
  • Invited reviewer/panelist for government organizations, e.g., NSF, NAS, Canadian National Centers of Excellence and Foundation for Innovation, US DOT, and Arthur Fleming Award.
  • 2004-present: Associate Editor, IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
  • 2003-present: Associate Editor, Int. J. of Automotive Technology
  • 2000-present: Editorial Board, J. of Multi-body Dynamics of Institution of Mechanical Engineers
  • 2005-present: Editorial Board, Int. J. of Vehicle Autonomous Systems
  • 2005-present: Editorial Board, Int. J. of Vehicle Information and Communication Systems
  • 2008-2010: Elected member of Board of Governors of IEEE Intelligent Transportation Society.

Classes Taught

Undergraduate: Introduction to Mechanics of Solids, Introduction to Engineering, Mechanical Design, Engineering Systems Design, Analysis and Synthesis of Mechanisms.

Graduate: System Dynamics Modeling and Control, Analytical Mechanics (Dynamics), Robotic Systems, Vehicle Dynamics, Numerical Methods in Engineering, Simulation and Visualization, Intelligent Transportation Systems, Intelligent Systems Theory and Applications.